When to Use Computational Fluid Dynamics in Flow Assurance Studies

In the oil and gas industry, many different approaches have attempted to provide accurate predictions of the hydrodynamics and flow-related characteristics of fluids. However, factors such as modeling the concentration of a dispersed phase, the determination of drag and lift forces and relative motion between phases, and the need to consider particles with ranges of shape, size and density means that the only viable option in many situations is  the use of computational fluid dynamics (CFD) to develop accurate solutions for challenging multiphase flow problems.