H2S Scavenging: Amine Systems

This GATEKEEPER focuses on Amine Systems, one of the most commonly used regenerative H2S scavengers in the Oil & Gas industry.

Amines are organic compounds derived from ammonia with substitution of one or all of the hydrogens with alkyl or aryl groups, retaining a basic nitrogen atom with one lone pair of electrons. They can be classified as Primary, Secondary, Tertiary, or Cyclic.

H2S Scavenging: Using Triazine

H2S scavenging, or “gas sweetening,” is both a safety-critical and economic concern for ensuring trouble free upstream and downstream operations. This GATEKEEPER will discuss the use of triazine as a liquid H2S scavenger. Focal points include method of scavenging, application limits, treatment efficiency, production systems, downstream risks, as well as environmental impacts.

Introduction to H2S Scavenging

Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) scavenging, or “gas sweetening,” is a crucial aspect in ensuring trouble free upstream and downstream operations. This GATEKEEPER presents different methods of H2S scavenging, including scavenging mechanisms, application considerations, and advantages & disadvantages for each method.

Natural gas is considered sour if it contains significant amounts of H2S, generally 4 parts per million (ppm) or greater. Sour gas is caused due to development of shale oil & gas plays, efforts to increase field life, and the use of Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) methods like water injection often result in reservoir souring. High H2S concentrations in produced gas creates safety hazards for operations, increases corrosion and sulfide-stress-cracking risks, and results in an export gas of lower value. To minimize these factors, various H2S removal methods can be utilized.