Layer of Protection Analysis

Introduction to Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA)

Is it safe enough? This can be a difficult question. Level of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a structured method that yields a defendable answer to that question.

LOPA uses conservative, order of magnitude values for initiating event frequency, consequence severity and likelihood of failure of protective layers to approximate a risk level for any given scenario. In rigor, it falls between a typical risk matrix approach (as commonly used in HAZOPs) and a quantitative method (QRA). A LOPA is frequently performed after a HAZOP to further investigate significant findings.