In the pursuit to further understand the challenges faced by oil and gas operators, Viking has maintained a failure database capable of determining common failures and failure trends. This information provides insight to aid in preventing common failures and improving industry practices to reduce incident rates in addition to saving time and money.
Triaxial evaluation of wellbore loads is used extensively for casing and tubing string design and analysis. A triaxial based collapse strength method was recently adopted by the American Petroleum Institute (API), and an addendum issued to API Technical Report 5C3 (TR 5C3). The triaxial based collapse formula incorporates internal pressure and axial load into the calculation of casing and tubing collapse strengths. Casing and tubing that are subjected to combined loads have higher collapse strength than previous formulas would predict, permitting the use of thinner walled, or lower strength, pipe than formerly required.