2010 Summary, H.J. Duhon, J.L. Garduno, and N.A. Robinson, GATE
Projects progress through phases of design, construction, installation, commissioning, initial startup, and operations. This paper addresses issues that arise at initial startup. Initial startup is defined here as the period when reservoir hydrocarbons are produced for the first time.
Initial startup of a subsea development is one of the most challenging periods in the operational life of the facility. Many issues complicate this period, including
People issues. Many people from many teams are required to execute a startup; roles and responsibilities may be unclear and will change over the course of the startup; persons-onboard (POB) issues limit the number of people who can participate; personnel involved may not be fully trained in the operation of the facility.
This will be the first time much or all of the equipment is used in live hydrocarbon service. Design flaws, commissioning omissions, and infant mortalities will reveal themselves.
Preserving completion integrity requires low rates and slow bean-ups during initial startup because of high formation skin. Chokes designed for high rates and low pressure drops may not be capable of controlling the well at low rates. Also, topside systems designed for peak rates may not function well at low flow rates.
Low flow rates and low initial temperatures result in hydrate risk, which may challenge the flow-assurance strategy.
Completion and stimulation fluids returned during the initial well cleanup are corrosive and are difficult to treat. Typically, specialized water-treatment equipment is installed temporarily at topside to treat these fluids. The flowback fluids may also contain solids from the reservoir and from construction debris that may cause problems such as plugging small ports in control valves.
Source: SPE Projects, Facilities & Construction, Volume 5, Number 4, December 2010
Copyright 2010. Society of Petroleum Engineers